Pro Aris Et Focis
Avon Lake, OH
16th Virginia Cavalry, Company I, CSA
William Cline served in Company I of the 16th Virginia Cavalry, C.S.A. He enlisted on March 1, 1863 under Captain William E. Peery. On or before July 27, 1863, William was wounded in action during the Gettysburg Campaign, most probably on the retreat with Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. The hospital records list his injuries as "Vulnus Sclopt." or "Vulnus Sclopticum," which means, "gunshot wound." On July 27, 1863, William was brought to the "Receiving and Wayside Hospital," aka "General Hospital #9" in Richmond, Virginia. On July 28, 1863, William was transferred to Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond and remained in hospital until August 21, 1863, when he was furloughed for 45 days. Presumably, William traveled back to Tazewell County during this period. William continued on the muster rolls of the 16th Virginia from October, 1863 through 1864 and was listed as absent due to wounds through April, 1864. The remaining records for 1864 are incomplete or contradictory and it is unknown if William returned to active duty in 1864 or 1865, although it appears unlikely.
We know that the "William Cline" that served in Company I of the 16th Virginia Cavalry, CSA is our William Cline Johnson for several reasons. First, Company I was recruited almost exclusively from Tazewell County. According to Jack L. Dickinson in his book, 16th Virginia Cavalry - Virginia Regimental History Series, H.E. Howard Publishers, 1989: "In most cases where Wayne or Tazewell County is shown as the county of enlistment, the soldier was indeed a resident of that county." Id. at 88.
Second, our William Cline Johnson was literally the only William Cline listed on the 1860 Tazewell County Federal Census (although therein, he was listed as "William Johnson"). In fact, there are no Clines listed at all in the 1860 Tazewell County census.
Also, Lt. Colonel William L. Graham of the 16th Virginia and one of the principal leaders and recruiters for the Regiment, lived in close proximity to William Cline Johnson according to the 1850 Census. Also, William enlisted under Captain William E. Peery, a prominent citizen of Tazewell County.
Only one other William Cline, not eliminated due to age, was William 'Billy' Cline of McDowell County, VA/WV (b. 1823), who was a nephew of our William. However, there is no evidence that this William 'Billy' Cline is the William Cline that served in the 16th Virginia and Dickinson's comments strongly indicate William Cline Johnson. Moreover, Harry Dale Cline, a prominent Cline family historian, indicates that William "Billy" Cline served in another Confederate unit, not the 16th Virginia Cavalry.
Finally, see the Clinch Valley News (of Tazewell County) article in 1906 (below) as recalled from one of the soldiers of the 16th VA: "This company (Company I) was organized in the Spring of 1862 in this community." The article adds that Company I was made up of men from Tazewell County. While it is possible that some of these soldiers may not have resided in Tazewell County when Company I was organized, William Cline Johnson was.
Clinch Valley News - 1906 - Roster of the 16th Virginia Cavalry, Company I, Tazewell County, VA
USGENWEB NOTICE: In keeping with our policy of providing free information onthe Internet, data may be used by non-commercial entities, as long as thismessage remains on all copied material. These electronic pages may NOT bereproduced in any format for profit or for presentation by other persons ororganizations. Persons or organizations desiring to use this material forpurposes other than stated above must obtain the written consent of the filecontributor. The submitter has given permission to the USGenWeb Archives tostore the file permanently for free access.This file was contributed for use in the Virginia USGenWeb Archivesby: Karen Eagle Moman firstname.lastname@example.org============================================================================Roll Call, Company I, 16th Regiment, VA Cavalry, 1906 - Tazewell Co. VAClinch Valley NewsEstablished 1845J. A. Leslie, Editor & ProprietorTazewell, Tazewell Co., VACost: $1.00, per year-in advanceCIVIL WAR: Clinch Valley News, Friday, January, 19, 1906, Tazewell,Tazewell Co.,VATHE ROLL CALL OF THE 16THThrough the energy and thoughtfulness of our friend, A. W. TABOR, FallsMills, we are able to give a list of the members of Company I, 16thRegiment, Virginia Cavalry. *( * ALEXANDER WALTHAM TABOR)This company was organized in the Spring of 1862, in this community. W.L. Graham was the first captain. After his promotion to the office ofColonel, and the division of the company into two, First Lieutenant W.E.Peery, became Captain.This company, as will be seen, was made up of many of the county’s bestknown men.This list was compiled by MR. S. F. TABOR (Samuel Flummer Tabor, s/oDaniel Tabor & Mary Martha Flummer), Falls Mills, now in his 86th year,and of the oldest survivors of this company, entirely from memory. Hehas forgotten many things as well as people, of his long life, but heretains a vivid and tender recollection of his old comrades of the darkdays. As near as can be ascertained with certainty, 65 of the oldcomrades have answered the last roll call, of the original 125 names. Wewill let this list stand for a week in order to add additional namesthat may have been omitted. Send them to this office."Keep Their Graves Green." List is published on 2nd page(A. W. Tabor-Alexander Waltham Tabor, s/o Amos H. Tabor. Amos H., s/oDaniel Tabor & Mary Martha Flummer . S. F. Tabor-Samuel Flummer Tabor,also s/o Daniel, brother of Amos H. Tabor, Uncle of A.W. Tabor)___________________CIVIL WAR: Clinch Valley News, Friday January 19, 1906, Tazewell,Tazewell Co., VAROSTER OF COMPANY I, SIXTEENETH REGIMENT, VIRGINIA CAVALRY, C.S. AOrganized in 1862-----OfficersWilliam L. Graham, W. E. Peery, J. H. Woods, J. H. Whitley, SamuelThompson, Joshua Day, F. J. DunnPrivates__Samuel N. Austin, Robert Atwell,David Bowling, John Baugh, Thomas Baugh, Aaron Bailey, Patton Bailey,Patterick Bailey, James Broyles, John W. Brown, James Berger, FelixBourne, James Burton, John Bock, Hiter Buchanan, Thompson BuchananFleming W. Compton, Augustus Carter, Charles Crockett, Fitz Coalman,Jacob Caroer, b. Curran, William ClineJessee Daughton, Lewis G. Day, Robert Day, Marton (sic) DuncanHenry Franklin, Montgomery Faulkner, Henry FaulknerGregory Thompson, Richard Gregory, James M. Graham, Samuel C. Graham,Luke Graham, Robert Graham, Richard George, William Gose, Robert Gill,B. B. Greever, John Groseclose, Peter Grim, Augustus Gillispie, JamesGoodman,Henry Golden (I know this name was listed as Gouldy in earlierrecords-my kinsman-Karen)Henderson Hagy, John Hedrick, Peter Hedrick, French Harman, JacobHammons, George Harper, Erasmus Harry, A. D. Hambrick, Samuel HammerJohn W. JohnsonJohn Kitts, Daniel Kinder, Frank Kinder, Green KirkJohn LaneLewis McDonald, Floyd McDonald, Edward McDonald, J. C. McDonald, PattonMilam, Samuel Moore, Whitt Moore, D. W. Moore, Alfred Moore,Charles McCarty, John Mathena, Arch Mitchell, Augustus MichomJohn T. Nash, Javan NoelJerry Poe, Hezekiah Poe, William Peery, Washingtom PuckettGeorge Reynolds, Milton reynolds, William Remines, Thomas Rigsby,Matison Rigsby, Wm. Rollins, Allen Rollins, M. A. RubleEdward Shannon, William Spence, Alexander St. Clair, David Stump,William Stevenson, John SmithOscar Thompson, Andy Thompson, Erastus Thompson, Robert Thompson,James Thomson, Benjamin Tate, Samuel Tabor, John Tabor, James R. Tabor,William J. Tabor, H. J. Tabor, Harrison Tabor, George Tabor, Alex W.Tabor, Russell B. Tabor, Jerry TillerWilliam Waddill, David N. Wagner, Augustus White, James Whitman, ElginWhitley, Wesley Whitley, Hugh Whitley, C. C. WilsonDavid G. Yost
Avon Lake, OH